CL1 - More Information: Who forms the formal group?




Who forms the group?

The general consensus is for the instructor to form the collaborative learning groups (Cooper, et al., 1990; Nurrenbern, 1995; Fiechtner and Davis, 1992). One reason for not allowing student-selected groups is students often cluster with friends. This creates either a situation where an "outsider" who joins this group may feel left out (Fiechtner and Davis, 1992). In addition, students may not be exposed to as rich a diversity of ideas when they form their own groups.

Cooper, J., Prescott, S., Cook, L., Smith, L., Mueck, R., and Cuseo, J. (1990). Cooperative learning and college instruction: Effective use of student learning teams. California State University Foundation, Long Beach, CA.

Fiechtner, S. B., and Davis, E. A. (1992). "Why Some Groups Fail: A Survey of Students' Experiences with Learning Groups". In Goodsell, A. S., Maher, M. R., and Tinto, V. (Eds.), Collaborative Learning: A Sourcebook for Higher Education. National Center on Postsecondary Teaching, Learning, & Assessment, Syracuse University.

Nurrenbern, S. (1995). Experiences in Cooperative Learning: A Collection for Chemistry Teachers. Institute for Chemical Education, University of Wisconsin Board of Regents, Madison, WI.

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