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What is collaborative learning? Does it work? And why does it work? This section addresses questions such as these, highlighting the important themes of collaborative learning (also referred to as cooperative or small group learning). You can browse through ideas to consider when setting up groups, students comments about collaborative learning, some possible difficulties you may encounter, and some ideas on the issues of gender and ethnicity. For more information, please visit our annotated bibliography that contains a thorough listing of useful references for both the novice and experienced practitioner.

Other excellent references include:

  • Cooper, J., Prescott, S., Cook, L.,Smith, L., Mueck, R., and Cuseo, J. (1990). "Cooperative Learning and College Instruction." California State University Foundation, Long Beach, CA.

  • Goodsell, A., Maher, M., Tinto, V., Smith, B. L., and MacGregor, J., Eds., (1990). "Collaborative Learning: A Sourcebook for Higher Education". National Center on Postsecondary Teaching, Learning, & Assessment, University Park, PA.

  • Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. T., and Smith, K. A. (1998). "Active learning: Cooperation in the college classroom." Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company.

  • Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. T., and Smith, K. (1991). "Cooperative learning: Increasing college faculty instructional productivity (ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 4)." Washington, DC: The George Washington University, School of Education and Human Development.

  • Sharan, S., Ed., (1994). "Handbook of Cooperative Learning Methods." Greeenwood Press, Westport, CT.

  • Slavin, R. E. (1995). "Cooperative learning: Theory, research, and practice" (2nd ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

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