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I. General References on School Restructuring

B. How Schools Work

Barr, R., & Dreeben, R. (1983). How schools work. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Bidwell, C. E. (1965). The school as a formal organization. In J. G. March (Ed.), Handbook of organizations (pp. 972- 1023). Chicago: Rand McNally.

Blase, J. (Ed.). (1991). The politics of life in schools. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Bliss, J. R., Firestone, W. A., & Richards, C. E. (1991). Rethinking effective schools: Research and practice. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Brandt, R. (Ed.). (1991). Restructuring schools: What's really happening? Educational Leadership, 48(8). [Entire issue].

Bryk, A. S., Lee, V. E., & Holland, P. B. (1993). Catholic schools and the common good. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bryk, A. S., & Thum, Y. M. (1989). The effects of high school organization on dropping out: An exploratory investigation. American Educational Research Journal, 26(3), 353-89.

Cawelti, G. (1994). High school restructuring: A national study. Arlington, VA: Educational Research Service.

Clune, W. H., & Witte, J. F. (Eds.). (1990). Choice and control in American education: Vol. 1. The theory of choice and control in American education. Philadelphia: Falmer Press.

Clune, W. H., & Witte, J. F. (Eds.). (1990). Choice and control in American education: Vol. 2. The practice of choice, decentralization and school restructuring. Philadelphia: Falmer Press.

Coleman, J. S., & Hoffer, T. (1987). Public and private high schools: The impact of communities. New York: Basic Books.

Corcoran, T. B., & Wilson, B. L. (1986). The search for successful secondary schools: The first three years of the secondary school recognition program. Philadelphia: Research for Better Schools.

Cusick, P. A. (1983). The egalitarian ideal and the American high school: Studies of three schools. New York: Longman.

Freedman, S. G. (1990). Small victories: The real world of a teacher, her students and their high school. New York: Harper & Row.

Gheens Foundation, Inc. (1992, Nov.). Transforming our schools: Lessons from the Jefferson County public schools/Gheens professional development academy 1983-1991. Louisville, KY: Author.

Goodlad, J. I. (1984). A place called school: Prospects for the future. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Jackson, P. W., Boostrom, R. E., & Hansen, D. T. (1993). The moral life of schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Kozol, J. (1991). Savage inequalities: Children in America's schools. New York: Crown.

MacIver, D. J., & Epstein, J. L. (1992). Middle grades education: Middle schools and junior high schools. Encyclopedia of Educational Research (6th ed.) (pp. 834-844). New York: Macmillan.

McNeil, L. (1986). Contradictions of control: School structure and school knowledge. New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Metz, M. H. (1978). Classrooms and corridors: The crisis of authority in desegregated secondary schools. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Metz, M. H. (1986). Different by design: The context and character of three magnet schools. New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Meyer, J. W., & Rowan, B. (1992). The structure of educational organizations. In J. W. Meyer, & W. R. Scott (Eds.), Organizational environments: Ritual and rationality (2nd ed.). (pp. 71-97). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Pallas, A. M. (1988). School climate in American high schools. Teachers College Record, 89(4), 541-54.

Powell, A. G., Farrar, E., & Cohen, D. K. (1985). The shopping mall high school: Winners and losers in the educational marketplace. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Ratzki, A., & Fisher, A. (1989/90). Life in a restructured school. Educational Leadership, 47(4), 46-51.

Raudenbush, S. W., Rowan, B., & Cheong, Y. F. (1993, Fall). Higher order instructional goals in secondary schools: Class, teacher, and school influences. American Educational Research Journal, 30(3), 523-553.

Rutter, M., Maughan, B., Mortimore, P., & Ouston, J. (1979). Fifteen thousand hours: Secondary schools and their effects on children. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Sizer, T. R. (1984). Horace's Compromise: The dilemma of the American high school. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Stevenson, H. W., & Stigler, J. W. (1992). The learning gap: Why our schools are failing and what we can learn from Japanese and Chinese education. New York: Summit Books.

Talbert, J. E., McLaughlin, M. W., & Rowan, B. (1993, Fall). Understanding context effects on secondary school teaching. Teachers College Record, 95(1), 45-68.


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